Uganda is a landlocked country situated in East Africa, neighboring Kenya and Tanzania to the east and south, respectively. It also shares a border with Rwanda to the south, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to the west and South Sudan to the north. It covers an area of 241,038 square kilometers. While visiting Uganda in 1908, former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill described it as the “Pearl of Africa” for its natural beauty. It is the source of the Nile, the longest river in the world, and is home to mountain gorillas, an endangered species and a major tourist attraction.
Politics and Governance: Uganda is a presidential republic, in which the President is both head of state and head of government. There is a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. Uganda provides regular national elections for a president, a legislature and local leaders. These are elected for a five‑year term.
Population: Uganda is one of the countries with the fastest-growing populations – a growth rate is estimated at 3.2 per cent – after Niger and Yemen. Most of its estimated 44.7 million inhabitants live in rural areas with farming as their main economic activity.
Economy: Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, deposits of copper, gold, and other minerals, and recently discovered oil. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing more than one-third of the work force. Per capita income stands at $600. Major exports include coffee, tea, vanilla, flowers, sesame and cotton. A lot of foreign exchange also comes from tourism, and the country is beginning to pump oil in the west.
Social- culture: The culture of Uganda is made up of a diverse range of ethnic groups. Lake Kyoga forms the northern boundary for the Bantu-speaking people, who dominate much of East, Central, and Southern Africa. In the north, the Lango and the Acholi peoples predominate, who speak Nilotic languages. To the east are the Iteso and Karamojong, who speak a Nilotic language. A few Pygmies live isolated in the rainforests of western Uganda.
Christians make up 85.2% of Uganda’s population. Muslims make up 12 % and others take the remaining percentage.
Status of Non- Government Organizations: Registration is mandatory for Non-government organisations and the National Bureau for NGO has the mandate to ensure that registration is done and a permit is issued up to five years upon the discretion of the Bureau.